[ENG] VACANCY ANNOUNCEMENT - Consultancy: Overview of pension systems in specific countries in East Europe/Central Asia (ILO)

Duty station: 
Moscow, Russian Federation
DEADLINE: 20 August 2018

The ten countries that are covered by the ILO Regional Office in Moscow have all engaged in discussions about pension systems reforms, implementation of reforms (parametric or structural) or reforms of already attempted reforms. The variety of experiences provides for reach evidence in particular taking into account ILO Conventions and Recommendations. The Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No 102), the Old-Age, Invalidity and Survivor’s Benefits Convention, 1967 (No 128) and Recommendation No 131 make provision for the payment of pensions in old age, at guaranteed levels upon completion of a qualifying period, and their regular adjustment to maintain pensioner’s purchasing power. Conventions No 102 and 128 envisage the provision of income security to people who have reached pensionable age through income related contributory pensions and/or by flat-rate non-contributory pensions. Recommendation No 202 completes this framework by calling for the guarantee of a basic income security to all persons in old age, prioritizing those in need and those not covered by existing schemes. In sum, ILO social security standards provide a comprehensive set of references and a framework for establishment, development and maintenance of old-age pension system at national level. Furthermore, ILO standards are major guiding principles which continue to be used as benchmarks for assessing the impact of proposed reforms regardless of motivation for such reforms.

In this context it is proposed to engage international external collaborator to prepare a policy paper with following aims:

  1. An overview of the pension systems in the 10 countries of ECIS sub-region, taking into account ILO Conventions and Recommendations;
  2. A review of recent global trends on pension reforms and their impact on debates about social protection and income security in old age in 10 ECIS states.
  3. Key  challenges and options for expansion of social protection in old age in the sub-region

The policy paper would reflect the situation in the 10 countries of the  Eastern Europe and Central Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan using, as a starting point, the information from the World Social Protection Report 2017-2019, complemented as necessary to include information on the types of schemes, coverage (legal and effective) and benefit adequacy, as well as the key challenges and reform issues.   The policy paper would also include case studies of particular countries further illustrating issues faced when maintaining or re-designing social protection responsive to old age. The criteria for case studies selection could include: countries where the discussion on reform proposals are on-going such as in Georgia; countries where introduction of minor parametric reforms in the pension system are being discussed such as Tajikistan, and countries assessing reform options such as Kyrgyzstan and Azerbaijan (this is not exhaustive list of countries for case studies).